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2000 Earth Charter. The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental principles to build a just, sustainable and peaceful global society for the 21st century. The charter has been promoted and accepted by the United Nations and supported by thousands of civilian organizations. It was launched in June 2000 in The Hague, Netherlands.


I. Respect and care for the community of life

  • Respect Earth and life in all its diversity.
  • Caring for the community of life with understanding, compassion and love.
  • Build democratic societies that are just, participative, sustainable and peaceful.
  • Ensure that the richness and beauty of the land is preserved for present and future generations.

To realize these four commitments the following are required:

II. Ecological integrity

  • Protect and restore the integrity of Earth's ecological systems, with special concern for biological diversity and natural processes that sustain life.
  • Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and, when knowledge is limited, proceed with caution.
  • Adopt patterns of production, consumption and reproduction that safeguard Earth’s regenerative capacities, human rights and community welfare.
  • Advance the study of ecological sustainability and promote the open exchange and wide application of the knowledge acquired.

III. Social and economic justice

  • Eradicate poverty as an ethical, social and environmental imperative.
  • Ensure that economic activities and institutions at all levels promote human development in an equitable and sustainable manner.
  • Affirm gender equality and equity as prerequisites to sustainable development and ensure universal access to education, health care and economic opportunity.
  • Defend the right of everyone, without discrimination, to a natural and social environment supportive of human dignity, physical health and spiritual well-being, with special attention to the rights of indigenous peoples and minorities.

IV. Democracy, non-violence and peace

  • Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making and access to justice.
  • Integrate into formal education and life-long learning, skills, knowledge and values necessary for sustainable living.
  • Treat all living beings with respect and consideration.
  • Promote a culture of tolerance, non-violence and peace.

"Let ours be a time remembered for the awakening of a new reverence for life, the firm resolve to achieve sustainability, the quickening of the struggle for justice and peace, and the joyful celebration of life.”

Millennium Goals (UN). In 2000 the Millennium Declaration was adopted at the United Nations with eight goals to be achieved by 2015.

  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Universal Education
  • Gender equality
  • Reduce child mortality
  • Improve maternal health
  • Combat HIV / AIDS
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Develop a global partnership

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