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Stockholm Conference. The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held from the 5th to 16th of June 1972 in Stockholm, Sweden. As a result of this conference, the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was issued providing 26 principles for preserving and enhancing the human environment.



World Charter for Nature. The General Assembly of the United Nations in October 28, 1982 adopted the World Charter for Nature which includes four general principles:

  • Respect for nature, without disrupting its core processes

  • Ensure the survival and viability of all species, and their habitats, on earth

  • Protect species of unique character, habitats of endangered species and representative examples of all types of ecosystems

  • Maintain the productivity of ecosystems and organisms used by human kind, without compromising their integrity or that of other ecosystems and species that coexist with them.

  • Protect nature from the destruction caused by war and other hostile acts


Brundtland Commission. The World Commission on Environment and Development, led by former prime minister of Norway, Gro Harlem Brundtland (1939 - ), was created to address the accelerating deterioration of the human environment and natural resources and its implications for social and economic development. The report "Our Common Future" was published in 1987, largely promoting the concept of "sustainable development"


The 1992 Earth Summit. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, known as the "Earth Summit", was held from 3rd to 14th June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Five important documents were the outcome of this meeting:
Two international agreements;

Two international agreements;

Two principles;

An agenda of actions;

 
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