In the framework of the United Nations, the international community works through multilateral arrangements to promote the participation of nations in the conservation and sustainable use of worldwide biodiversity. In 1993, these efforts were consolidated by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This was signed by 168 countries and came into force in December of that year. There are now 188 nations signed up to the convention.
With the signing of the CBD, Mexico and other nations of the world pledged to conserve biodiversity, use biological resources appropriately and to fairly and equitably share the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
Given the binding nature of the CBD, our country has carried out a series of activities to specifically comply with each one of the articles of this legal instrument. In particular, Article 6, which clearly establishes the following:
"Each Contracting Party shall, in accordance with their particular conditions and capacities:
Develop national strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity or adapt existing strategies, plans or programs for this purpose, which shall reflect, among other things, the measures established in this Convention relevant to the Contracting Party concerned;
Integrate, as far as possible and appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into plans, programs and sectoral or cross-sectoral policies."
In this context, in 1998 CONABIO published the document entitled "The Biodiversity of Mexico, Country Study". Subsequently, after three years of hard work with different social stakeholders, the "National Strategy on Biodiversity of Mexico" was unveiled in the year 2000. This becomes the guiding framework of national policy for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
For more information on:
Convention on Biological Diversity
Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (CDB)